About Ramesses II
We already know that Ramesses was the greatest pharaohs in his era. Hewas the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty which is the second dynasty of ancient Egypt’s New Kingdom. His father was Seti I who was also very powerful but Ramesses II succeeded his father in his early 20s. Seti I appointed his son as the military general at the age of 10 and at the age of 14, Ramesses II became the Prince Regent. Ramesses II was born around 1303 BC and ruled for almost 66 years which makes him the longest ruler in the history of ancient Egypt. His successors and new Egyptians recognized him as the “Great ancestor.” Later, only one pharaoh of the Old Kingdom called Pepi II surpassed his record by ruling 94 years. Ramesses is renowned for many achievements apart from ruling. He successfully campaigned against the enemies of Egypt. He defeated the Nubians of the south of Egypt and Hittites in Anatolia. He also made some remarkable monuments named Abu Simbel and Ramesseum that are still surviving.
|Statue of Ramesses II ( Wikimedia Commons)|
Like many other pharaohs, Ramesses II was buried in the Valley of the Kings, on the west bank of the Nile, across from Thebes. His tomb is called KV7. His mummy was transferred by the Egyptian priests to the mummy cache of Deir el-Bahri. Later his mummy was found in 1881 and it was seen that his skin, as well as most of his hair, was entirely preserved. His mummy was kept in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo in 1885. Later, for various reasons, the condition of the mummy began to deteriorate. One of the reasons was the humidity of the room where his body was kept before. The body was infected with bacteria and started showing signs of decay. The Egyptian authorities started searching for experts Egyptologists and restorers who had the ability to preserve the old body. Such professionals were found in France. During the process of finding appropriate treatment, the museum officials agreed with French specialists that the mummy needs proper care to preserve the relic. So, Paris was the place where the mummy would get appropriate treatment.
Under Egyptian law, even dead individuals have to have proper documents and passports before they leave the country. So, when the mummy needed to go to France, the necessity of the passport came in front. It was said that these documents would ensure the mummy’s legal protection so that it would return to the country safely. It was probably the thought that once the mummy enters France, they wouldn’t give it back to Egypt. A living person might not make a passport to get to another country, but for a mummy?? There is no escape. So, the passport was made!
The Dead King Gets a Passport
|The Passport of Ramesses II (Source – .vintag.es)|